Criminology is the scientific study of the nature, extent, management, causes, control, consequences, and prevention of criminal behavior, both on individual and social levels. Criminology is an interdisciplinary field in both the behavioral and social sciences, drawing especially upon the research of sociologists, psychologists, philosophers, psychiatrists, biologists, social anthropologists, as well as scholars of law.

Areas of study in criminology include: Comparative criminology, Crime prevention, Crime statistics, Criminal behavior, Criminal careers and desistance, Domestic violence, Deviant behavior, Evaluation of criminal justice agencies, Fear of crime, The International Crime Victims Survey, Juvenile delinquency, Penology, Sociology of law, Victimology